Out-of-School Suspension: Consequences and Alternatives

In recent years, school suspension has become a common disciplinary practice in U.S. schools. Each day that school is in session, 18,000 public school students are suspended from school, and 560 students are expelled. The widespread use of suspensions is creating concerns about the number of students that are excluded from school for discipline reasons.

This paper describes the extent to which out-of-school suspensions are occurring, research on the effects of suspension, and alternatives to the use of suspension as a disciplinary practice.


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